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Benign Joint Hypermobility Syndrome (BJHMS)

hypermobility

 

Our Cambridge Physiotherapy can help treat Benign Joint Hypermobility Syndrome (BJHMS) which is a common source of joint and muscle pain in children and young adults.

 

People with BJHMS have excessive levels of joint movement/joint elasticity.

 

This can be due to several causes:

 

The shape of the bones – Take for example the shoulder. If the shoulder socket is too shallow, the joint will have more freedom of movement which will increase the amount of movement and may lead to dislocation. The same principle applies to other joints of the body for example the hip.

 

Weak or stretched ligaments – Ligaments help to hold our joints together during movement, without which we would have severely unstable joints which would regularly dislocate. These ligaments are made up of collagen (gives strength) and elastin (which gives stretchiness). The structure of the collagen may differ from person to person leading some people to have less strength in their ligaments.

 

Because collagen is an important part of our blood vessel structure, BJHMS sufferers may be more prone to bruising.

 

Sense of joint movement (proprioception) – Ligaments are also important in proprioception, which is basically your sense of joint positioning. So for example, when you close your eyes and move your arm you should know where the arm is in space without looking. 

 

Ligaments contain proprioceptors which cause a joint to tighten or loosen depending on the situation. BJHMS sufferers can lose the ability to perceive where their joints are in space which can lead to injury.

 

Treatment:

  1. Specific joint strengthening exercises.
  2. Core stability exercises
  3. Orthotics (Podiatry/Chiropody can be of great help with BJHMS sufferers for prescription of orthotics to block excessive joint movements and restore correct foot and lower limb alignment)
  4. Footwear (broad soled, low heeled shoes will help give the foot some well needed stability)
  5. Avoidance of contact sports where possible.

 

For more information on Benign Joint Hypermobility Syndrome or to book an appointment to see our Physiotherapist or Podiatrist please call us on 01223 832808.

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Ola is a physio with 20 years experience and has a special interest in musculoskeletal

conditions, sports injuries, biomechanical assessments, orthotics and keeping the elderly fit and independent.

 

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